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In India where the distance between ML models and dis-empowered communities whom they intention to serve is massive-via technical distance, social distance, ethical distance, temporal distance, and physical distance-a myopic take on localising ‘fair’ model outputs alone can backfire. We summarize them under. Flawed data and model assumptions: We discovered quite a few ways knowledge and model assumptions fail in India, primarily: data distortions owing to infrastructural challenges and technology usage patterns (e.g., SIM card sharing among women Sambasivan et al. We determine three high-stage themes/clusters of challenges (Figure 1) that engulf the big distance between models deployed in India and the communities they impression.

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Barack ObamaOur paper presents a primary step in direction of filling this necessary gap. We contend that conventional Honest-ML approach may be inappropriate and inimical in India, if it does not engage with native structures. We carry out a synthesis of (i) 36 interviews with researchers and activists across various disciplines working with marginalized Indian communities, and (ii) observations of current algorithmic deployments and policies in India. We name for motion alongside three important pathways in direction of algorithmic fairness in India: Recontextualising, Empowering, and Enabling (see Determine 2). The issues we present contain collective responsibility of inter-disciplinary Fair-ML researchers, and push the bounds of what is considered to be fairness research. For a country as deeply plural, complex, and contradictory as India-the place the distance between fashions and oppressed communities is massive-optimising model fairness alone may be mere tokenism.

This implicitly Western take is troublingly turning into a universal moral framework for ML, e.g., AI methods from India NIT (2018), Tunisia Tunisia (2018), and Mexico Martinho-Truswell et al. Nonetheless, these infrastructures, values, and legal methods cannot be naively generalised to numerous non-Western countries. Let us consider the instance of facial recognition technology, the place demonstration of fairness failures resulted in bans and moratoria in the US. 2018) all derive from this work, but fails to account for the a number of assumptions typical algorithmic fairness makes about the availability and efficacy of the surrounding establishments and infrastructures.

Mannequin (un)fairness detection and mitigation ought to incorporate the outstanding axes of historical injustices in India (see Appendix 1) and sort out the challenges in operationalising them for testing AI; e.g., representational biases of caste and other sub-groups in NLP fashions, biases in Indic language NLP including challenges from code-mixing, Indian subgroup biases in laptop vision, tackling on-line misinformation, benchmarking utilizing Indic datasets, and truthful allocation models in public welfare. As an illustration, personal names act as a signifier for varied socio-demographic attributes in India, nonetheless there are not any massive datasets of Indian names (like the US Census information, or the SSA knowledge) that are readily available for fairness evaluations. It is important to notice that operationalising fairness approaches from the West to these axes is often nontrivial.

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