For this we take the assistance of latest seminal works on this subject that captured the scenario of farmers’ inside certain varieties of value chains. NSSO 70th spherical on State of affairs Assessment Survey of farmers has data pertaining to the alternatives of farmers. Then, we isolate the section which interacts with farmers and deep-dive into information to grasp the role performed by public interventions in figuring out farmers’ revenue from agriculture. The type of their interplay with different gamers in the worth chain.
Having no direct entry to Mandis, or information about prices there, these farmers conduct their commerce interacting with either village middlemen or local traders from close by villages. Farmers here have choices of both selling to village middlemen, or these traders in native haat333A market place organized principally at cluster (a group of villages) stage, or to ship their produce to government offered storage facility. Nevertheless, the scenario by way of interacting with middle-males and traders is likely to be similar across other states as effectively.
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In all these research one common phenomenon that has been noticed, is that farmers (notably small and marginal) are at a considerable disadvantage when it comes to the income they get within the agriculture worth chains compared to the effort they put in. Above research additionally talk about intimately on the nature of interaction of farmers’ with completely different gamers within the agriculture worth chain like, authorities, local traders, center-men and so forth. With a major contribution in the value chain, producers reaping a compromisingly low income is a due to this fact fear-some situation in the nation.
Although some large farmers and landlords could also be exceptions in phrases of having greater affect in the markets, their proportion in total farmers doesn’t downplay the depth of deprivation farmers’ as a bunch face on this country. 2013, “About sixty nine p.c of the agricultural households possessed land lower than 1 hectare through the agricultural year July 2012- June 2013. Solely 0.4 p.c of the agricultural households possessed land 10 hectares or more.” In the next sections, we first attempt to grasp the scenario of farmers within the context of agriculture worth chain from few recent studies.