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Roy MarkThe computer ownership charge for a caste group is simply the proportion of individuals having computer at residence. The computer literacy rate for a caste group is defined as the proportion of individuals from the caste group who know learn how to operate a pc. Similarly, the Internet entry price for a caste group represents the share of individuals having Web facility at residence. The share of people in a caste group realizing how to make use of the Internet is the Internet literacy fee for the caste group.

MWCFurther, this paper identifies the caste group based differences in socioeconomic factors that contribute to the digital divide between these groups using a non-linear decomposition method. The outcomes present that there exists giant first-stage and second-stage digital divide between the disadvantaged caste teams and others in India. More than half of the caste- primarily based digital gap is attributable to variations in instructional attainment and revenue between the disadvantaged caste groups and others. The non-linear decomposition outcomes point out that caste-based digital divide in India is rooted in historical socioeconomic deprivation of disadvantaged caste teams.

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Much like the STs, in the case of SCs and OBCs too, revenue and schooling emerge as the most vital contributors in explaining the hole in computer possession price between them and Others. Our decomposition results are much like Fairlie (2004) who discovered that earnings and education are a very powerful components that explain digital hole between white and black racial teams within the USA. The unfavorable coefficients of the state point out that differences in state characteristics between them and the Others are in favor of STs, SCs and OBCs . For instance, if SC individuals had the same distribution across Indian states as the opposite people, the pc possession hole fee between them would have been 10.5% larger.

HMDTheir outcomes also show a major distinction between males and females in using computer and the Web. Sure caste groups have historically confronted social and financial discrimination, together with in access to education in India. BBA Sykes (2013,p.239) based mostly on a longitudinal examine of 210 families in rural India show that “the social network constructs contributed considerably to the explanation of expertise use”. Caste is a singular marker of social stratification in South Asia (Suggested Internet site), especially so in India. These disadvantaged caste teams embrace Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Courses (OBC) which collectively account for around 80% of the Indian population. The caste system is characterized by graded socioeconomic inequality.

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